Back Road Project
This project is located at the end of the main path to visit Petra. It is considered one of the most important projects in the region because of its direct connection to the entire tourism process in Petra and to the existence of security and organizational dimensions for the operation of tourism in this sensitive location. The nature of the archaeological site and its formation within a large rock formation need to take into account, study and implement many procedures that ensure the full life of visitors and the safety and preservation of the archaeological site. To strengthen these concepts, this project was established to ensure the safe exit of tourists from the site in the emergency cases, whether security or natural.
As this project is linked with the project of the Heritage Village which was established to reinforce the larger objective of maintaining the site by eliminating all aspects of practicing economic activities and congestion that confuse tourists inside the archaeological site.
- Find environmental transport system from the archaeological site to the outside.
- Preserve the archaeological sites sustainability inside the site and protect them from rainwater by finding a drainage system through tubular and boxed culverts.
- Reduce congestion in front of the Treasury and the Siq area.
- Rehabilitate the Turkmen road, which starts from Abu Aliq Gate to Umm Sihon Gate with the necessary engineering designs for the road and culverts.
- Evaluate the environmental, archaeological and social impact of the project.
- The current status of the road was assessed and studied in terms of road levels, inclination and topographical difficulties, as well as the impact of erosion, corrosion and rainfall in the region and neighboring areas.
- Jordanian laws related to the project were reviewed (Environment Law, Traffic Law, Agriculture Law, Jordanian Building Code, Labor Law and Health Law).
- Data on the existing environment were collected.
- Social studies and archaeological surveys were conducted jointly with the Department of Antiquities, the American Center for Scientific Studies and Research and some local universities
- An analysis of environmental tourism transport services was carried out and the number of visitors to the site was calculated by day, hour and number of buses we need based on this number.
- Floors and pavements were designed based on the size of traffic and the loads of vehicles using the road.
- Hydrological calculations were made for the water drainage and culverts were designed for this purpose.
- The project works completed in full, where the percentage of achievement is 100%.